FRANCISCO IGNACIO MADERO was the leader of Mexico's
1910 Revolution and the democratically elected President of Mexico
from 1911 until 1913, when,
in a violent coup, his government was overthrown and he was murdered.
Today Madero is best remembered as the "Apostle of Democracy,"
the visionary leader who overthrew Porfirio Díaz, the
dictator who had ruled Mexico, both directly and indirectly,
for more than three decades.
Less known is that Madero was also one of Mexico's leading Spiritists
and a medium. Not only did he maintain an extensive correspondence
with Spiritists in France and Mexico, but he was a organizer
of Latin America's first and second Spiritist Congresses held
in Mexico in 1906 and 1908, respectively, and it was after the
latter that he took upon himself the task of writing and publishing
the ardently evangelical Spiritist
albeit under the pen name, "Bhima."
several decades following the Revolution, historians tended to
underplay or even ignore Madero's Spiritism not to mention
his role as Spiritism's Maecenas in recent years, Mexican
historians Enrique Krauze, Yolia Tortolero Cervantes, Manuel
Guerra de Luna, and Alejandro Rosas Robles, among others, have
shown that Madero's Spiritist beliefs and the messages he channeled
as a medium inspired his first and much better known book, La
sucesión presidencial en 1910 (The Presidential Succession
in 1910), which helped spark the popular movement for the overthrow
of Porfirio Díaz. His channeled messages also inspired
his decision to launch the Revolution of 1910.the
(For a very basic idea
of the "official" version of Madero's importance, watch
this one minute Mexican government video in English.)