Metaphysical Odyssey into the Mexican Revolution:
Francisco I. Madero and His Secret Book, Spiritist Manual
Interviews = Resources for Researchers = Contact
Francisco Ignacio Madero born in the Hacienda del Rosario, Parras, Coahuila, Mexico
|Madero's paternal grandfather, Evaristo Madero, elected governor of the state of Coahuila.|
|Evaristo Madero opposes the reelection of Porfirio D[iaz to the presidency; he resigns as governor|
|Madero enters the Colegio Jesuita in Saltillo.|
|Madero studies in the Lycée of Versailles|
|Madero's younger brother Raúl dies, age 4, when his clothes catch fire|
|Madero attends the Universal Exposition [sp] in Paris and travels to Belgium, Holland, and Germany|
|Madero returns to Mexico, taking over a family hacienda in San Pedro de las Colonias|
|Madero begins to offer homeopathy to his workers|
|Madero begins to receive communications from his brother Raúl, who died as a small child in a fire. he becomes a vegetarian, and gives up smoking and drinking.|
Madero marries Sara Pérez
Governor of the neighboring state of Nuevo León violently puts down a political demonstration
|Madero founds the Benito Juárez Democratic Club. Runs for local office. Loses|
defeats Russia [DETAILS]
Madero begins to plan for the democratization of Mexico
|First Spritist Congress in Mexico City|
spirit "José" and other spirits begin to communicate
with Madero, providing instructions about the book he will write,
La sucesión presidencial en 1910 (The Presidential
Succession in 1910).
Madero writes for and finances opposition newspapers
Madero writes a message from "José": "You have been chosen by your Heavenly Father to carry out a great mission on earth... for this divine cause you will have to sacrafice everything material, everything of this world"
Madero receives from "B.J." the message, "Your triumph will be a most brilliant one and of incalculable consequences for our beloved Mexico. Your book will cause a stir throughout the whole Republic..."
Second Spiritist Congress in
Madero writes to his father that he needs his blessing to publish La sucesión presidencial en 1910, and that he needs it before the 25 of the month.
After some indecision, Madero's father has given his blessing , and Madero replies, "Now I have no doubt the Provdence guides my steps and visibly protects me.. I accept, with noble srenity, the consequences of this new ife and the struggle that is beginning."
Beginning of the year
The book is published and sells quickly.
President Profirio Díaz receives a signed copy of La sucesión presidencial en 1910.
Antireelection Center founded in Mexico City
First issue of El Antoreeleccionista published
Madero traveling in Coahuila. General Bernardo Reyes, until then a contender for the presidency, accepts a minor military post in Europe
Madero meets with Porfirio Díaz
The following day Madero presides over Antirelectionist party convention
Madero delivers an electrifying speech to 20,000 workers in Orizaba
Madero begins his last speaking tour
Arrested in Monterrey
Imprisoned in San Luis Potosí
Madero escapes from San Luís Potosí on horseback to a nearby village
Madero takes a train to the United States
From San Antonio, Texas, Madero issues his Plan de San Luís Potosí, which calls for revolution on Novmber 20th
Madero crosses the Río Grande from Texas, but the men he was expecting do not appear. He departs for New Orleans
Madero in New Orleans, preparing revolution and reading and taking notes on the Bhagavadgita
Madero, using the psudnym "Bhima," publishes his Manual Espírita
From the U.S. Madero writes to his wife, "I feel guided by destiny towards a duty... I have faith in triumph because I believe in divine justice and our cause is just and I also believe our movement has reached formidable proportions... I have the intuition that my life is NOT in danger... I send you my Bahagvad Gita and I want you to guard it and the notes I have taken very carefully."
Madero enters Mexico with 130 men and leads attack on Casas Grandes.
Increasing numbers of armed encounters
Insurrection has spread to 18 states.
Porfirio Díaz publically admits he might consider resigning
Ciudad Juárez falls to the revolutionaries
Madero's commanders Pascual Orozco and Francisco Villa demand the executition of General Navarroñ Madero refises
Treaty of Ciudad Juárez ends Madero's Revolution. Francisco León de la Barra to assume interim presidency. General elections to be called. Madero agrees to demobilize his army.
Porfirio Díaz resigns the presidency
Madero arrives in Mexico City to wild applause. That same morning there is an earthquake
Madero visits Zapata in Cuernavaca and Cuautla in the state of Morelos. General Victoriano Huerta is in charge of federal troops in Morelos;Zapata demands that Huerta's troops retreat to Cuernavaca. President De la Barra refuses; Madero promises to to meet Zapata's demands when he becomes president.
Madero takes office as President of Mexico
(a few days after ) Zapata breaks with Madero
Bernardo Reyes crosses the U.S. border into Mexico; less than two weeks later, accepting the failure of the rebellion, he surrenders. Madero sends him to prison in Mexico City.
General Pascual Orozco rebels in Chihuahua; General Victoriano Huerta defeats him
Orozco flees across the border. General Huerta disagrees with President Madero about the insubordination of Francisco Villa, whom Huerta had ordered shot; Madero commutes the sentence.
In Ciudad Juárez, General Huerta is overheard to say he could take the presidency from Madero and the Minister of War removes him from command. Shortly thereafter, Madero reinstates Huerta.
Félix Díaz, nephew of Don Porfirio Díaz, rebels in Veracruz. he is soon arrested and imprisoned.
La Decena Trágica (Tragic Ten Days) begin when General Manual Mondragón and men free Félix Díaz and Bernardo Reyes. Other conspirators attempt to take the National Palace, but are convinced to surrender by Madero loyalist General Lauro Villar. Unaware that the National Palace remains in the hands of the government, General Reyes is killed when he arrives. Madero arrives in horseback from his residence, Chapultepec Castle, accompanied by cadets from the Military College. Féliz Díaz and Mondragón take the Ciudadela. General Villar having been wounded, Madero names General Huerta to his post, commander'general of Mexico City.
Street fighting has claimed more than 500 casulaties, and continues.
Madero receives a telegram from U.S. President Taft EXPLAIN
Madero's brother Gustavo discovers that General Huerta has been secretly negotiating with Féliz Díaz. he arrests Huerta and brings him to Madero. Madero frees Huerta and chides his brother Gustavo.
General Blanquet, in agreement with General Huerta, attacks the National Palace and takes Madero and his vice president, Pino Suárez, prisoner. Huerta and Gustavo Madero are lunching in restaurant when Huerta takes Gustavo prisoner. Gustavo is delivered to the Ciudadela where a mob of soldiers tortures and kills him.
Pacto de la Embajada w Wilson / Huerta and Díaz
Madero resigns the presidency. The Foreign Minister, Pedro Lascuráin, is president for 45 minutes and resigns in favor of Huerta.
Madero learns of Gustavo's death
Sara Pérez de Madero visits U.S. Ambassador Wilson to plead for her husbands life
U.S. Ambassador Wilson reports to Washington, "General Huerta asked my advice about whether it would be better to send the ex-president out of the country or to place in a mental asylum. I replied that he should do what would be best for the peace of the country."
Madero remains under arrest in the National Palace. Visits with Cuban ambassador Márquez Sterling.
In the evening Madero and Pino Suárez are taken to the penitentiary and killed.
Woodrow Wilson takes office as President of the United States
Krauze, Enrique, Mexico: A Biography of Power, HarperCollins, 1997
Francisco I. Madero, Místico de la libertad, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1987
Tortolero Cervantes, Yolia, El espiritismo seduce a Francisco I. Madero, Segunda edición, Senado de la República, 2004